Monthly Archives: September 2018

IRS and NJ Taxation Highlights

 

Yesterday I attended a continuing professional education seminar with speakers from both the IRS and the State of New Jersey. Here are some highlights after all of the recent Federal changes and also many New Jersey changes that most people are not aware of:

Your paycheck may be under withheld: After the new Federal tax law changes, many people have seen an increase in their take home pay due to the tax cuts, but it is quite possible that too little has been withheld. If you want to be safe then ask your employer to increase your withholdings, and you can also use the withholding calculator at irs.gov. Beware that it is really meant for simpler tax situations versus being self-employed, having rental income, and investments. If you are one of our business clients that we already prepare a year-end tax projection for, then we will take care of this for you.

Private debt collectors: The IRS uses private debt collectors, and the State of New Jersey has already been doing this for years through Pioneer Credit Recovery. This can cause concern especially with all of the fraud that is taking place nowadays. By the way, the IRS will not ask you to drop off cash somewhere, send a money order, or purchase gift cards to settle your debts.

New Jersey tax amnesty: There are many unknowns to all of the changes that NJ has made, including the start date of a tax amnesty program. The program will likely start on November 15th of this year and end on January 15, 2019, and allows a reduction of interest charged and elimination of penalties for old tax debts from February 1,  2009 through September 1, 2017. You should receive a notification on this program if you have old debts, but you can file and pay your old debts even if you do not receive a notice from the State.

New Jersey property tax deduction increase : The property tax deduction on your New Jersey tax return has been raised to $15,000 from $10,000.

Penalties for not having health insurance in New Jersey: New Jersey now requires residents to have health insurance or they have to pay a tax penalty. New Jersey has taken the opposite approach of the Federal government.

Increased pension exclusions in New Jersey: This will be phased in over the next several years, however, there is an income limitation of $100,000, which has not increased.

There are many, many more changes related to New Jersey, including reinstatement of Urban Enterprise Zones, increased tax rates on income over $5,000,000, taxes on ride sharing, taxes on liquid nicotine, and changes to payments plans.

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How to Resolve Conflicts with Less Stress

Conflicts are inevitable and happen in all aspects of your life, including disputes with your customers, disputes as a customer, with family, neighbors, and in any situation. However, there are ways of minimizing conflicts and to also resolve them fairly and quickly. Here’s how:

Resolve at the lowest level: A perfect example is when a customer at the grocery store is not satisfied for some reason and they immediately ask to speak to the store manager. Quite often, the easiest way to have resolved the issue would be to let the cashier know the issue first, then customer service if still not resolved, then finally with the store manager.

Don’t make threats or take drastic action: As soon as you say that you are going to contact your attorney, then you just escalated your issue to a whole level higher, and the relationship will most likely be damaged forever. Ironically, I think that this threat has been overused anyway and nobody really cares all that much. Another example is to demand a raise from your employer and if not given one, then threaten that you will leave. Why not either ask for a raise, if you deserve it, or ask your boss what you can do differently to receive a raise?

Avoiding conflicts: Avoiding conflicts does not mean trying to make everyone happy because that is not possible, and you will make yourself unhappy and exhausted in the process. Do not avoid conflicts just to avoid conflicts or just to be nice as sometimes the truth hurts, although you should make sure that you say it in a charitable way. A good practice is to always strive to determine how to conflict proof your decisions.  For example, if you know that you are going to make a change to your business practices, then let people know ahead of time, when possible. This can involve alerting customers to price increases, billing methods, payment methods, and timing of providing a service. The key is to communicate with people in a smart, proactive, truthful, and thoughtful way.

Put it in perspective: Is the conflict really that important or even worth pursuing? Weigh the pros, cons, and the actual cost of entering a battle.

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Does Money Really Matter? 3 Different Views

People tend to fall into 3 different categories of how they view money, which ultimately impacts how they manage it. How important should it be to you?

Love of money/materialism: Thus is the most extreme view whereas you practically worship money. Earning more and obtaining more just to earn more and have more. It can be a trap that creates a lack of satisfaction. Although it may at first seem hard to digest, poor people can worship money and wealthy people may not because it is not about the amount that you have.

Don’t care: Another extreme view is not to care at all about money, although this doesn’t seem as common. This can cause problems because you may not use your money wisely and will probably be rather reckless.

Balanced approach: Thus is where you view money for what it is; a resource that has been given to us to use wisely. But what exactly is the wise use of money? It is taking care of your family, the poor, investing and saving wisely, spending within your means, and not being too emotionally wrapped up with money. It may mean owning a 5,000 square foot house or it may mean renting a small apartment; shopping at Wal-Mart or Neiman Marcus. Confusing, isn’t it?

Just realize what the purpose of money is and don’t let anyone tell you how much or how little you need. Learn, seek advice, and try not to get stressed out over it.

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Why Everyone Should Start and Run a Business Even if it’s Just Part-Time and Temporary

Why should everyone start a business? Because it will completely change the way you see the world, view people, money, and everything else. Not to mention that it will humble you.

Just to be clear, not everyone should be a business owner full-time or for the long-haul. However, by starting a part-time business or even operating it full-time it will change the following:

Appreciation: You will appreciate the skills of business owners that you know, including friends, family, local restaurants and other business owners, or even your own boss/owner if you work for a small company. There are many, many skills that are required to run a successful business that can only be appreciated if you actually are a small business owner.

Humbling: Nobody likes rejection that I know of, but it is very common in business. A small business owner is usually the head salesman and must learn how to sell their products or services. As with any sales position, you’ll quickly realize that not everyone wants to buy what you’re selling, even if you believe that it is better than chocolate fudge brownies, if that is possible. Even if you are selling your products on the Internet and do not have to sell face to face, you may wonder why nobody is visiting your website or buying your products on Amazon. Don’t take it personally. You will also experience the ups and downs of a business vs. a steady paycheck from an employer.

Direct relationship between results and income: Unless you work as a commission-based sales person, there generally is not a short-term relationship between your income and your results. For a business owner, great results equal greater income. As an employee, compensation increases tend to happen over time and you are highly dependent upon your direct boss and the company’s performance.

Complaining: You will probably laugh when a friend complains how much they have to pay towards their health insurance, retirement benefits, and their company’s paid time-off policies. Guess who fully pays for these benefits when you own your own business?

Commitment: Having a small business means being committed. As with any endeavor that you seek to achieve positive results, a strong commitment will dramatically increase your chance of success. If you can commit to a business then you can commit to other important items.

 

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