Employees

COVID-19 Tax and Financial Updates 04-03-2020

Here are the latest updates and some may have already changed after this was written:

Tax Updates

  • Tax deadlines: both New Jersey and New York have finally extended the tax deadline from April 15th to July 15th.
  • CARES Act economic impact payments: payments will begin in the next three weeks and will be distributed automatically. Who is eligible?
    • Tax filers with adjusted gross income up to $75,000 for individuals and up to $150,000 for married couples filing joint returns will receive the full payment. For filers with income above those amounts, the payment amount is reduced by $5 for each $100 above the $75,000/$150,000 thresholds. Single filers with income exceeding $99,000 and $198,000 for joint filers with no children are not eligible. Social Security recipients and railroad retirees who are otherwise not required to file a tax return are also eligible and will not be required to file a return.
    • Eligible taxpayers who filed tax returns for either 2019 or 2018 will automatically receive an economic impact payment of up to $1,200 for individuals or $2,400 for married couples and up to $500 for each qualifying child.

Paycheck Protection Program for Small Businesses

Here is a summary of the program and you can start applying for this as of today, April 3rd. You can apply through any existing SBA 7(a) lender or through any federally insured depository institution, federally insured credit union, and Farm Credit System institution that is participating. Remember, guidance is changing on an almost daily basis so this information can change and probably already has.

  • Overview: This program, also known as PPP provides funds to pay for payroll costs, interest on mortgages, rent, and utilities. The amount of the loan is generally calculated by multiplying 2.5 by your average monthly payroll costs.
  • Eligibility: Small businesses with 500 or fewer employees—including nonprofits, veterans organizations, tribal concerns, self-employed individuals, sole proprietorships, and independent contractors – are eligible. Businesses with more than 500 employees are eligible in certain industries
  • Forgiveness: Loan funds may be fully forgiven if used to pay for payroll costs, interest on mortgages, rent, and utilities within 8 weeks beginning on the date of the loan. 75% of the funds must be used for payroll to be forgiven.
  • Headcount: You must maintain or quickly rehire your employees and also maintain salary levels. Forgiveness will be reduced if headcount declines or if salaries and wages decrease.
  • Maturity: The loan has a maturity of 2 years and an interest rate of 1%.
  • The loan does not have a personal guarantee.
  • An application form is attached to see more details of what is required.

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COVID-19 Tax and Financial Updates 03-27-2020

There have been a lot of tax and financial announcements due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Here are some highlights of updates as of this writing:

Tax Updates

  • Tax deadlines: The Treasury Secretary announce that the tax deadline for all businesses and individuals is delayed from April 15th to July 15th. Additionally, they will be able to make payments without interest or penalties. This also applies to the first quarter 2020 estimated income tax payment that is due on 4/15/20, however it does not postpone the second quarter estimated tax payment due on 6/15/20. Yes, that is strange, but we are living in unique times. IRA contributions for the year 2019 can be made until 7/15/20. So far, there isn’t any news from the State of NJ.
  • Existing Installment Agreements: For taxpayers under an existing IRS installment agreement, payments due between April 1 and July 15, 2020 are suspended. Taxpayers who are currently unable to comply with the terms of an Installment Payment Agreement, including a Direct Deposit Installment Agreement, may suspend payments during this period if they prefer. Furthermore, the IRS will not default any Installment Agreements during this period. By law, interest will continue to accrue on any unpaid balances.

Families First Coronavirus Response Act: Employee Paid Leave Rights

Generally, the Act provides that employees of covered employers are eligible for:

  • Two weeks (up to 80 hours) of paid sick leave at the employee’s regular rate of pay where the employee is unable to work because the employee is quarantined (pursuant to Federal, State, or local government order or advice of a health care provider), and/or experiencing COVID-19 symptoms and seeking a medical diagnosis; or
  • Two weeks (up to 80 hours) of paid sick leave at two-thirds the employee’s regular rate of pay because the employee is unable to work because of a bona fide need to care for an individual subject to quarantine (pursuant to Federal, State, or local government order or advice of a health care provider), or to care for a child (under 18 years of age) whose school or child care provider is closed or unavailable for reasons related to COVID-19, and/or the employee is experiencing a substantially similar condition as specified by the Secretary of Health and Human Services, in consultation with the Secretaries of the Treasury and Labor; and
  • Up to an additional 10 weeks of paid expanded family and medical leave at two thirds the employee’s regular rate of pay where an employee, who has been employed for at least 30 calendar days, is unable to work due to a bona fide need for leave to care for a child whose school or child care provider is closed or unavailable for reasons related to COVID-19.

Covered Employers: The paid sick leave and expanded family and medical leave provisions of the FFCRA apply to certain public employers, and private employers with fewer than 500 employees.

Eligible Employees: All employees of covered employers are eligible for two weeks of paid sick time for specified reasons related to COVID-19. Employees employed for at least 30 days are eligible for up to an additional 10 weeks of paid family leave to care for a child under certain circumstances related to COVID-19.

Qualifying Reasons for Leave: Under the FFCRA, an employee qualifies for paid sick time if the employee is unable to work (or unable to telework) due to a need for leave because the employee:

  1. is subject to a Federal, State, or local quarantine or isolation order related to COVID-19;
  2. has been advised by a health care provider to self-quarantine related to COVID-19;
  3. is experiencing COVID-19 symptoms and is seeking a medical diagnosis;
  4. is caring for an individual subject to an order described in (1) or self-quarantine as described in (2);
  5. is caring for a child whose school or place of care is closed (or child care provider is unavailable) for reasons related to COVID-19; or
  6. is experiencing any other substantially-similar condition specified by the Secretary of Health and Human Services, in consultation with the Secretaries of Labor and

Important points for employers:

  • The effective date of the Families First Coronavirus Response Act is April 1, 2020 through December 31, 2020.
  • The law is intended to be neutral for employers. Employer pays benefits and recovers the cost of such leave through a refundable, dollar-for-dollar payroll tax credit (up to certain dollar limits)
  • Employer receives 100% reimbursement for paid leave and certain health insurance costs, but
  • the amount is includible in income
  • Paid leave itself is exempt from employment taxes, and if the employer continues the employee’s health insurance coverage while he/she is out on leave, then the credit is grossed up to cover this additional expense

SBA Loans

The SBA is offering low-interest loans of up to $2 million with a low interest rate of 3.75% and long repayment terms. The SBA is waiving the “credit elsewhere” clause. The process should take 2 to 3 weeks and the website to go to is:

https://disasterloan.sba.gov/ela

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Tax and Financial Updates

There have been a lot of tax and financial announcements due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Here are some tax, unemployment and loan updates.

Tax Filing and Payment Due Dates Extended

The Treasury Secretary announce that the tax deadline for all businesses and individuals is delayed from April 15th to July 15th. Additionally, they will be able to make payments without interest or penalties. Initially, the extension was only for paying your taxes, but now it is for both filing and paying. So far, there isn’t any news from the State of NJ

Unemployment

If you were laid off, then do not hesitate to collect unemployment through your state’s Department of Labor website, even if it is temporary. Be aware that some of the websites have crashed due to the high volume of claimants. Also, for business owners, such as officers who own 5% or more of a corporation, you generally cannot collect unemployment.

SBA Loans

The SBA will offer low-interest loans of up to $2 million with low interest rates and long repayment terms. To qualify, you must show: a lack of working capital and loss of revenue related to COVID-19, financing is not available elsewhere (i.e., a rejection from your bank that you are currently using), your state’s governor will need to request that the Disaster Assistance Loans be open to their state, and meet the lending requirements.

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I Took the Day Off and You Should Too

Technology is absolutely wonderful at times. This is one of those times because I took the day off today, but still didn’t miss my goal of writing one post per week. Everyone needs a day off, a week off, or even a month off and here are 5 reasons why:

Rest and Recuperate

After working intensely or longer than normal hours everyone needs to take a break. The day after tax season is always a day off for myself and my staff, and I like to take at least a few additional days off after that. It’s hard to take a family vacation at this time with the kids being in school, but I get to see them more though.

Spend Time with Family

It’s good to be able to spend some additional time with your family and not being at work all day. You don’t have to fight the commute, come home tired, or still have stress resting on your shoulders when you come home. Most likely you are just a little more relaxed.

Complete a Small Project

Maybe there is a project that needs to be tackled that you haven’t been able to get to. For me, the list seems endless, but it feels good once a project is finished. Be careful if the project is too large, otherwise it will take away from resting and recuperating.

Reflect and Think

When I am able to relax, it makes it easier to reflect on different aspects of my life and the direction of how things are going. Also, ideas seem to flow more smoothly when not under pressure.

Be Thankful and Grateful

Be thankful that you get to have a day off and grateful for all that you have. A little gratitude can help to put things into perspective.

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Are You Keeping Track of the Right Metrics?

Financial information tends to bore most people except for accountants, accountants, and accountants. Even though the thought of looking through and analyzing numbers may scare you, there are some metrics that drive your financial results and should be measured carefully. They are usually more exciting to keep track of because they can also help predict your results. Here are some examples:

Customer Metrics

Volume: Examples of customer metrics can include: the number of patients, clients, or customers seen/visits per day, week, or month. An increase in this number will increase your sales, however, there may be a delay in actual cash received.

Sales per customer: Are your customers purchasing more or less from you? An easy way to increase sales is to increase the amount of sales to each customer.

Multiple Location Metrics

Same store sales or sales by location: If you have multiple locations, you must keep track of your sales by location. Ideally, you want to keep financials by location, but sales per location is a good starting point. You should compare the sales versus the same period last year and also with other locations.

Net profit by location: It’s great if your sales are doing well in one location, but if the profitability is poor, then you need to know this to make improvements or to shut down that location. Time and resources need to be spent at locations that will achieve the highest return.

Sales or Billings per Employee or by Employee

Sales results: Which employees are performing well, and which are not? What if you operate a real estate office and do not know which agents are your top performers and which are not performing?

Billings: For non-sales positions, especially professional services firms, a crucial number is billings per employee. A low amount may mean that you are over staffed or have inefficient operations. It is also critical to know billings per individual employee.

Leads & Sales Generation

# of leads: Are you receiving more inquiries or less inquiries compared to last month or last year at this time? An increase in leads should result in an increase of sales, but this is just the starting point.

Appointments scheduled: What is the percentage of inquiries that set appointments? You need to make sure that you are able to schedule appointments from your leads.

Appointments closed: A high closing ratio is the ultimate goal and a sign of sales productivity.

Customer acquisition cost: Ideally, you want to obtain customers at the lowest cost possible with the least amount of effort. The longer you retain a customer then the more you can spend trying to acquire them, but if you spend too much money on obtaining one-time customers then your profitability will suffer greatly.

The Metrics are Endless

There is an endless amount of metrics, and each industry has their own set of metrics that are measured, but sometimes metrics can be borrowed from outside your industry to make your own business more profitable. Review your situation to see which metrics will have the most impact to keep your success moving forward.

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How to Destroy Your Business Success in 6 Steps

Sometimes to be successful means to avoid doing the things that will destroy your success. It’s easy to go down the wrong path and it’s important to be aware of this.

Step #1: Saddling Your Business with Debt

Conventional wisdom states that there is smart debt vs. dumb debt or a similar description of two kinds of debt. Although there is some truth to this, the bottom line is that large amounts of debt will cause a huge handicap to your business, especially a start-up. Even if you are doing well it will not feel like it when you have massive debt payments each month or sometimes on a daily or weekly basis if you took out a predatory lender loan. When you have easy access to large amounts of debt it numbs your sense of being financially cautious, prudence, and allows you to spend your money on things that can easily be justified but are not necessary.

Step #2: Poor People Management

See what happens if you constantly treat your employees, vendors, and customers disrespectfully. The end result will be high turnover, sabotage, lack of a sense of shared purpose, losing customers, and everything else negative. It is amazing to see how little attention is paid to the management of people in a poor performing business.

Step #3: Over Working Yourself

There are times when you need to work more or work more rigorously, but if done for too long, then your productivity will decline, decision making becomes worse, and you may find yourself in the hospital for stress induced health reasons.

Step #4: Not Listening to the Right Advisors

Unemployed Uncle Jimmy with a string of failed businesses will not provide you with the advice you need, and if he does provide you with advice, then do the opposite. Or, which is also very commonplace, is to seek the advice of the wrong professional. Make sure the professional that you confide in is an expert with the advice you are looking for.

Step #5: Personal Issues

This is somewhat related to step #2, but more on a personal level. If you are going through difficult times on a personal level, then this will ultimately translate into poor business performance.  A common example is taking care of a sick family member that needs you. If you need to focus more fully on your family situation, then delay starting a business, or for an existing business try to delegate more of your business responsibilities to trusted employees.

Step #6: Ignore Marketing and Sales

Many years ago, I met with a brand new business owner to discuss his business and try to help him out. During our discussion, I asked what he was doing for marketing, and he said that he did very little because he didn’t want to spend money on marketing because marketing costs money. I’m not sure of my exact reply, but he was no longer in business within a few months’ time.

Summing it Up

Some of these steps may seem obvious, but they are common due to the fact that it is hard to take a step back, access a situation, swallow your pride, and say to yourself, “Hey, I need some help because I am not always right.” We should probably all say that more often.

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The Differences Between How Men and Women Manage a Business

There are differences between how men and women manage their business, their employees, and their finances. What are these differences and does it matter?

Do you really think that I am brave enough (or foolish enough) to write an article with a topic like this?!

Maybe for another day.

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Want a Quick Productivity Increase in 3 Steps?

Are you trying to get things done, but don’t seem to ever get ahead? Try these out for a quick and almost instant boost to your productivity.

Step #1: Stop Following the Shiny Object

There is a great amount of pressure to work on the newest task at hand while ignoring all of the other uncompleted items that are on your list. The problem with this approach is that it creates more stops and starts, which ends up prolonging the time it takes to get things done, while delaying the older projects’ completion.

Step #2: Listening to the Squeaky Wheel

Usually it’s not apparent at first, but there will always be customers, vendors, or employees that need your attention immediately, all of the time. It’s understandable that this will happen from time to time, but if the same person always needs your attention immediately all of the time, then it probably isn’t a true emergency. In this case, you have to communicate that this is an issue that can wait until later, tomorrow, or some scheduled time in the future.

Step #3: Schedule, Schedule, then Schedule Some More

You would be surprised by the productivity increases of scheduling properly. From medical practices to contractors, scheduling will allow more patients to be seen, more projects to be completed, or more customers to be serviced. Don’t take my word for it, try to visit an Apple store without an appointment.

If you can, also plan out the entire year. There are cycles to every business, every department, and every job, which are usually predictable. Although preparing for the year may seem daunting, try to schedule each week or even a recurring task on a specific day of each week, as a start.

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Do These 6 Things Differently than Others if You Want to Get Ahead Financially

Do you ever wonder what the difference is between those who get ahead and those who are constantly struggling? There is a pattern of actions that are taken repeatedly by those who get ahead, while the opposite is true of those who struggle.

Action #1: Delayed Gratification

The financial impact of delaying gratification for future success is astounding. The best example is an expensive car or high-end home. These things are great, but if you know that you will be stretched to purchase them, then give it some time before doing so. Once your finances enable you to comfortably purchase these items then go for it if it fits into your overall financial goals.

Action #2: Seek Advice from the Right People and Listen to Them

It is always a good idea to seek the advice of those we trust, but they must also have competence to provide you with the proper advice. Do not ask your brother in law that has declared bankruptcy twice and is reckless with money for financial advice. On second thought, you may want to ask for his advice and do the exact opposite! Also, seek the advice of a qualified professional or successful mentor who has relevant experience.

Another, related aspect of seeking advice knowing who is trying to work with you and who is working against you. Don’t beat up the people that are on your side and don’t let the bad fruits in the gate.

Action #3: Save and Invest Constantly

Even a small amount of saving/investing can add up over time. Also, investing does not have to only be in the stock market, but can consist of growing your business to make it more valuable, purchasing rental properties, investing in or purchasing other businesses, etc.

Action #4: Be Cautious When Incurring Debt

Debt has its proper place, but it is misused quite often. Many of us are lured into large, unnecessary purchases or poor investments because we can finance them over. Even if the debt is helpful for the production of income, it still may not be the best course of action. Debt also makes us lazy, meaning that it is easy for us to make decisions without really thinking them through fully.

Action #5: Have Endurance

Don’t give up too easily. It may take several tries to get where you want to go, but you need to keep on getting back up when you falter. Yes, it hurts when you get derailed, financially or otherwise, as life happens, but keep on moving forward.

Action #6: Don’t Make Decisions Based Solely on Emotions

Just because someone made you angry doesn’t mean that you need to let them go. Can you imagine telling off your boss (very bad move), or firing a key employee or vendor because you overreacted to a non-fatal mistake that they made? Trust me, you will suffer financially for this.

To Sum it Up

Did you notice that most of the above are based upon emotions and relationships? Healthy emotions and relationships will help you to be get ahead and make the journey more pleasant, while knee-jerk reactions, seeking instant gratification, and unhealthy relationships will create a roadblock to getting ahead.

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Are You the CEO of Your Business?

There are 3 phases of running a business with the ultimate phase of becoming the CEO. The first is that of an employee, the second of manager, and then CEO. Most business owners are in the first two phases and never achieve the CEO level. Why is this and what are the steps to become the CEO?

Every single phase is extremely important to a business, and every person in these positions is vital for the business to operate. However, if you want to be the CEO, then you must take steps in a different direction, which takes endurance. Let’s take a look at each step and how to move forward.

Employee: An employee is the one who is doing all of the work, whether physical or intellectual, such as a cook and server at a restaurant or a doctor and a nurse at a hospital, along with all of the other myriad positions. Many business owners become very wrapped up in the day to day operations and never take a break to become a manager or their business has not grown enough to support a manager.

Manager: The main job of a manager is to manage people, projects, and the overall flow of work. Although their main function is to manage these items, they will also need to jump in from time to time to help with tasks and get their hands dirty. Usually business owners are partly managers and partly employees because they are unable to fully let go of operations or their growth does not support a CEO position.

CEO: The CEO is the visionary of the business and is responsible for the business as a whole. Only high impact decisions should be made by the CEO, along with spending time on the utmost important items. A good CEO will do amazing things for a business, while a bad CEO can destroy a business in a relatively short period of time.

Unless your goal is to be an employee-owner or manager-owner, then you must take certain steps to become a true CEO. For some businesses, especially professional services businesses, this task is a little harder due to the technical expertise required to run the business.

Depending upon your goals and resources, the first step is to build up your team. Without a team of employees, you will never progress to the next level of manager. Once you have a team, you need to relinquish your everyday customer-service type activities and focus on managing your employees and the business. Lastly, you’ll need to hire managers to take over your duties to ultimately become the CEO. It only takes 3 steps! Of course, this is easier said then done, and there will be a multitude of roadblocks and challenges along the way.

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